How to Backwash Your Pool Filter—The Easy Way

How to Backwash My Pool Filter? 

  1. Turn off the filter system.
  2. Connect the backwash hose to the filter's waste port.

How Do I Backwash My Pool Filter with a Multiport Valve? 

  1. Turn the valve to "Backwash."
  2. Turn the filter system back on and let it run for about two minutes.
  3. Turn the system off, switch the valve to "Rinse," and run for a minute.
  4. Turn the system off again and restore the valve to "Filter."

How Do I Backwash My Pool Filter with a Push-Pull Valve? 

  1. Open the backwash gate.
  2. Turn the filter system on and let it run for about three minutes.
  3. Turn the system off and close the push/pull valve.

Dispose of backwash water responsibly according to local regulations. If you have a D.E. filter, refill it by mixing D.E. powder with water and pouring it into the pool's skimmer while the pump is running.


Sounds Gross! What is Backwashing Your Pool Filter?

Don’t worry—this has nothing to do with sharing drinks, ick! Backwashing your pool filter, also commonly referred to as just “backwashing the pool,” is the act of cleaning out your filter by flushing out all the gunk it’s accumulated. Simply put, when you backwash your pool filter, you reverse the direction of the water flow, and water moves back through the pool filter and out the waste or drain port. Just make sure you’re disposing of it properly—and we’ll get to that soon. All in good time, my friend.

If you’re filter is cleaned out but weak on its circulation, the problem is your pump’s strength. This Blue Torrent 2 HP Variable-Speed Pump allows for a larger horsepower, but never uses more energy than you actually need—it pays itself off in energy saved in under six months and is eligible for energy rebates. Customer Bill Britton says, “Runs great. Super quiet.”

Backwash your pool filter

Why Do I Need to Backwash My Pool Filter? 

First of all, make sure that you have the right pool filter for you. Cartridge users, you’re on the wrong page—though you still have to routinely clean your filter. Backwashing only works filters of sand and diatomaceous earth (from now on, I’ll call this D.E.), which collect contaminants with the help of sharp edges. But once those contaminants build, your filter becomes increasingly less efficient—even if those edges haven’t yet smoothed down—and the pressure of your filter ramps up.

Backwashing cleans out your filter without requiring you to pick through sand, which would be messy, and D.E., which would be dangerous. It also extends the life of your media by keeping your sand and D.E. clean without total replacement—though you’ll need to replace them eventually.

When Do I Need to Backwash Your Pool Filter?

Pool filters usually come with a pressure gauge, and it’s important when you first install yours to take note of it—whatever that number is, that’s your normal operating filter pressure. As time goes on and your pool filter is continuously used, those pounds per square inch (psi) will increase—and that’s a good thing. Think of it like a snowball rolling down a hill: as your filter gets dirty, the contaminants it traps help it trap even more.

But something this convenient can’t last forever—eventually it’ll get so crammed in your filter that it won’t be able to catch much of anything. Generally, you want to backwash your filter once it’s 10 psi over your normal operating pressure.

how to backwash your filter

Yuck! Where Do I Put All that Gunk?

Don’t worry if you’re not sure where to put the end of that backwashing hose—this is a major debate. But are you about to toss the product of your backwashing down the storm drain? Let me stop you there. This is not exactly the Wild West, and your local government most likely has an opinion (and some persuasive fines) on where you should put the contaminated water you just backwashed. And chances are: your street and storm drain are a no go. And what about your septic system? Well, it’s totally off limits—unless you want a system failure. That’s a nightmare I’m choosing not to imagine.

Most local authorities are going to recommend that backwash water is collected, contained, and discharged to a sanitary sewer—which is different from a storm drain or septic system—or to a vegetated area contained within your property. If at some point, you switch over to a cartridge filter (you know, the ones you don’t need to backwash), they’ll probably want them rinsed in a sink, bathtub, or over your own lawn or vegetation.

In either case, don’t just take my word for it—all these regulations vary based on where you live. Your local authorities should be able to let you know, and probably have a convenient (if clunky) website with the answers. Don’t you just love government dot coms? 

Want to know how to clean the bottom of your pool? Read more here.

Look, I Have a D.E. Filter. How Do I Refill It?

When you backwash your D.E. filter, you’ll need to replace the powder, which is much more effective to do through the pool’s skimmer. To do this, you want to mix the manufacturer’s recommended amount of D.E. with water to form a wet sludge, and then pour the solution directly into the skimmer. Make sure the pump is running properly so it circulates through your system. It’ll take some time for the mixture to properly disperse across the filter, so you’ll want to wait at least eight hours until you swim again. It’s okay—distance makes the heart grow fonder.

Keep your pool and any add ons in top shape with the 1.5 HP Variable Speed Blue Torrent Thunder Pump. This robust and thorough pump is the most reasonable decision any pool owner can make: comes with a lifetime warranty, is eligible for rebates, and pays itself off in under one year. Plus, variable-speed filters will soon be virtually mandatory by federal law.  

how to backwash your pool filter

Backwash Done. Now It’s Time for a Backstroke

That was all you—and you never had to call in an expert. That procedure was about as easy as they come, especially since you did your research. Now that you’ve learned how to backwash your filter, you have a future of clear water ahead of you. So take a moment under the sun to congratulate yourself for a job well done—just make sure you’ve got on some SPF. Enjoy.

For additional information on how to get rid of mustard algae, check out this article. Having problems getting rid of white water mold in your pool? Read more here.


Key Takeaways:

  • Backwashing your pool filter is essential for maintaining clean and clear pool water by flushing out accumulated debris and contaminants.
  • It's primarily applicable to sand and diatomaceous earth (D.E.) filters, which trap contaminants using sharp edges.
  • Knowing when to backwash is crucial, typically indicated by a pressure increase of about 10 psi above the normal operating pressure.
  • You'll need a backwash hose and, if you have a D.E. filter, additional D.E. powder for refilling.
  • The backwashing process differs depending on whether your filter has a multiport valve or a push-pull valve.
  • Disposing of backwash water responsibly is essential and typically involves directing it to a sanitary sewer or a contained vegetated area on your property.
  • When refilling a D.E. filter, mix the recommended amount of D.E. powder with water to form a sludge and pour it directly into the pool's skimmer while the pump is running.
Above ground poolAbove ground poolsIn-ground poolsPoolPool accessoriesPool equipmentPool filtersPool maintenance